Automation Testing for Android Mobile App with Java

Automation testing is a method of practicing an application to implement the entire life cycle of the software in a minimum amount of time and provides effectiveness and efficiency of testing the software. It is a technique where the tester itself writes the scripts and uses a suitable software that it apt for testing.

In other words, automation testing uses automation tools to write and execute the test cases. Generally, the testers write test scripts and test cases using the automation tool and the group them into the test suites.

Mobile Application Automation Testing

Testing of mobile applications can be relatively cumbersome because of sheer extent of testing is required on a variety of devices. Besides, the mobile apps require faster changes than other type of applications like Desktop or Web. Because of this, more and more organizations have started realizing the needs of using automation testing. Mobile App Automation Testing is a massive undertaking and one can end up complicating the process by selecting a bad tool. With a major trending shift to open source mobile application tools, there have been a wide variety of tools that are now available in open-source software markets.

There is no disputing fact that Mobile Automation Testing framework is a vital part of the software development cycle. So, you need automation testing to deliver the quality applications in a timely manner and particularly for the rapidly changing mobile apps.

To reap maximum benefits from your software delivery, automated tests should be planned carefully and scheduled in such a way that they are cost-effective.

Automation Tools for Testing Android Applications

Below are some of the following automation tools for testing android applications:

  1. Appium

Appium is an open source test automation tool that permits you to easily write functional tests that automate Android mobile apps.


Appium has the following features:

  • It is a cross-platform open source mobile testing automation framework
  • It is best suited for QA teams to test the functionality of the mobile app across Android.
  • It can be written in any language including Python, Ruby and the most interesting JAVA and Objective – C.
  • It doesn’t require access to your source code
  • Its reports are limited from debugging and fast feedback loop.


  1. Selendroid

It is an open source automation framework that drives off the UI of Android applications. Also, it can be described as a powerful testing tool that can be used on emulators and real devices and still reuses the existing infrastructure of web, you can write tests using the Selenium 2 client APIs.


The features of Selendroid are as follows:

  • Can interact with various Android simulators and devices simultaneously
  • It supports development tools using any Web Driver language including JAVA, Ruby, C#, etc.
  • Can simulate human actions like swipe, drag, touch, etc. on devices

  1. Robotium

It is widely adopted open source Android test automation framework. It can only be used if you have the source code for the app or either you can run it on either emulators or real devices. For Robotium, you need  apk file for the app or the source code, Android Development Tools, Java Development Kit and the Robotium.


The features of Robotium are:

  • Handles multiple Android routines automatically
  • Easy to write powerful test scenarios
  • It supports native and hybrid Android apps


  1. UI Automator

It is an Android UI framework for mobile testing and its key features includes cross-app functional testing, switch between installed and system apps and has the ability to test the multiple apps. It is also known as black-box testing tool and is written in JAVA, the Google’s ultimate language of choice.


Following are the features of UI Automator:

  • It is a framework that is developed and maintained by Google.
  • It comes with a very useful GUI tool to analyze and scan the UI components that are currently displayed on the device.


Automation testing is the best method to fulfill most of the testing goals with effective resources. Be careful before choosing the appropriate automation tool as it can fulfill 100% requirement of the application.

Author: Claire Mackerras, is a Senior QA Engineer & Editor associated with Bugraptors.  A CMMi5 certified company with extensive experience as a third party testing vendor in US. She is passionate toward writing on technological trends for manual & automation software testing.  She likes to share her knowledge, for the readers who are interested in exploring testing tact’s and trends.

7 Early Symptoms of Pregnancy & Apps To Help

The pregnancy is a beautiful yet critical phase for a female who is just changing to a woman. Many females love to enjoy this phase when the baby is growing inside. Usually, there are kits available in the market with the help of with one can find if she is pregnant or not after missing periods. So it’s only natural that we would take a look at some of the popular pregancy apps out there, as well as give a general guideline as to what symptoms can let you know early on that you’re expecting.

A few of the most popular apps out there are Ovia Pregnancy Tracker & Baby Countdown Calendar:

And also Bump is a great app for tracking your babys growth progress:

There are also many other symptoms one can observe that indicate to pregnancy. They are easy to know and quite obvious symptoms that can help one to know that the beautiful phase of her life has begun.

  • Sore breasts: This is known as the most felt symptom. One may feel the weight of the breasts and easily displaying The size of the breasts increases which makes it difficult to wear a bra and at this moment one must feel that the baby is just developing.
  • Nausea: It is also a most common symptom in the first trimester of pregnancy. The upset stomach and morning sickness makes one feel uneasy. Sudden feel of vomit can also indicate that the body is being prepared to welcome the baby.
  • Fatigue: It is the feel of being tired without working hard. One may feel much tired almost all the time at this stage. The surprising fact is one may have just woke up and still feel of fatigue is there. Well, nothing serious, this is also a sign of pregnancy only.
  • Breath Shortness: Well, this is a clear and most visible symptom of this beautiful phase. The body needs more oxygen, and hence one may feel shortness of breath even after stepping a staircase or just having a small walk. However, this situation remains during all the time of pregnancy as the baby developing in the womb also needs oxygen, and with its development, the pressure on lungs, as well as a diaphragm, also leads to short breath for mommy to be.
  • Headache: The body prepares itself for the baby, and hence there are many changes happen. The hormonal changes lead to a headache which also indicates to a sign of pregnancy only.
  • Backache: As the baby develops inside the gravity center of the body moves and ligaments also loosen. This leads to a backache which may be tremendous in some cases. Hence if one does not a complaint about a backache in routine but all of a sudden the backache starts, just meet the gynecologist as it is the time to get a proper checkup done.
  • Frequent Urination: Usually one may not have a habit to have frequent visit to the washroom, but during pregnancy, the hormonal changes lead to the extra production of fluid which one is forced to relieve. Hence one may have to go to the washroom frequently during this period. It is also a quick sign of pregnancy as one may notice it.

These are some of the clear indicators that one may observe and believe that the internal changes of the body make it easy for the baby to develop. Without any test or even ultrasound, on the basis of these symptoms also one may know that she is pregnant.


How To Develop a Great App Effectively

A great app doesn’t have to be complicated or bloated with features. Instead, it needs to solve a problem, and do so effectively. Today we’re taking a look at an app developed by a 23 year old developer from Canada, Jacob Catalano.

Called Hydrate Now, the app is available to try on the app store already. The concept is simple, before yo start drinking for the night, prepare by setting up Hydrate Now to keep reminding you to keep topped off with water, keeping the hangovers at bay, and giving a better buzz at the same time.

The idea is simple but works wonders with the many notifications constantly reminding you about it, and with 5 time settings it’s easy to customize to your personal preference. Having already been mentioned by such reputable publications as Cosmopolitan, the problem that the app solves is one that the market seems to want and need, and as such warrants the great reviews and popularity the app and it’s inventor now experiences.

On the technical side of things Jacob told Cosmopolitan that the app took less than a week to develop, once the idea had been fully formed. This just reinforces what I’m stating on my blog over and over, you need a viable product, but you don’t need bloat to be successful.

For future versions, it could be suggested to add a simple weight and height input to calculate required water consumption, and perhaps a gender select to further improve the user experience. The calculations required should not prove to be the most complex of formulas and relatively easy enough to implement.

Mens Health also mentioned the app and goes to show just how applicable and relevant this app really is. With the current culture in especially the western world, weekly use of the app could prove to be commonplace, and people have also found a use for it other than when drinking. The many notifications are not easy to miss, and so reviewers mention they use this for their new stop clock due to the noise it makes.

Targeting the Millennials – An App-reciation Of Digital Promotion

It’s estimated that in 2017, we see up to 5000 promotional images and messages every single day through our use of digital media; an astounding figure compared to the 1970s, a short forty something years ago, when the average number was 500, just a tenth of today’s exposure.

With statistics like these, the task of successfully reaching a target audience can seem overwhelming and, at times, even futile, particularly when looking to reach that most prevalent of screen time addicts – the millennials. A prime demographic for many products and services, the millennial is somebody who was born between the mid 1990s and early noughties and has, therefore, grown up with digital technology.

Whilst tricky, reaching this demographic is certainly not impossible; although the mediums of advertising and promotion have certainly changed beyond recognition in the last ten years, the core methods are still the same. When it comes to attracting a customer, the three pronged method still applies: What is it? Why do I need it? and, How do I get it?

How many likes is enough?

When attracting the millennials, our thoughts turn first to social media, in particular Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and Whatsapp via targeted ads, however, statistics show that use of these media are in decline amongst 20 to 34 year olds with Facebook in particular showing a steady decline in use over the last few years.

The undisputed premium way of reaching millennials in 2017 is via the mobile app – but with 2.8 million apps available and an average of 493 million downloads per day, how do you make sure that yours is chosen over almost three million others? Added to that issue is the fact that more and more young people are now using ad blockers – something the new Apple phone features as standard – on their phones, further limiting potential reach.

Paying attention to the statistics

It’s estimated that millennials have an average attention span of five to six seconds when it comes to absorbing digital information which means that, if you haven’t grabbed their attention in the time it takes to take a bite out of an apple, you’ve lost them; something that digital giant, Apple is very aware of as their apps are number eight and nine on the list of most downloaded apps for 18 to 34 year olds.

Due to this limited attention window, one effective method of reaching this target audience is with the use of animated explainers which offer a ‘quick hit’ approach without the message being lost in too much text. This theory is backed up by the fact that animation studios are among the fastest growing businesses, year on year, for the past decade.

A common mistake made by advertisers and brands is not talking to their target market – millennials are extremely unlikely to tell a parent or other adult what their favourite app is (under the assumption that they won’t understand or won’t be interested) and so it’s essential to understand what the millennial wants and needs by talking to them directly. Innovative studios aim to reach young people by turning text into an animated story, encouraging interaction especially important when it comes to mobile apps. Reddit mobile app and Parkway Bank and Trust Co. animation keep up with this trend. Animated explainers present complex ideas like for example improving a public health system or supporting sustainable farming in an attractive way

The price is right

Although it may seem like a no-brainer, it’s important to remember that young people have limited funds so the offer of free or discounted products or services is a great way to attract their attention. Nandos not only offers free food on collection of points but its app also features a ‘Wing Roulette’ game where users can win food and drinks. Young people rarely stop texting and accessing digital information when they’re out and about (as any parent will know if they’ve attempted to spend quality time with their kids) which is where geo-located mobile ads come into play – currently under-used by most brands, geo located ads can be used to offer instant discounts and product information when the user is in the location of the store to increase footfall.

In terms of app networks, Session M have been extremely successful by using the ‘intangible value’ method of advertising – unlike a traditional pop-up ad, the intangible value and offers the user a reward for interacting with their digital messages; with Session M, advertisers like Nike, Coca Cola and Samsung offer discounts and other rewards to consumers for just engaging with their advertisement. Similarly, popular start up, Teemo (formerly Databerries), which describes its focus as ‘real life targeting’ works with high street retailers, directing its ads at consumers who have either been to the store or to a nearby competitor, thus narrowing targeting down to an impressive degree.

Lessons can be learnt from the top 3 app companies, Amazon, Gmail and Facebook who take the time to crunch the data in order to ensure the biggest bite of the digital apple. We live in a highly competitive world whereby companies are jostling for the attention of the millennials – a demographic who are very aware of this fact and are savvy enough to look for the best deal. Keeping this in mind, businesses need to keep their eye on the ball in order to not just keep up but stay ahead of the trend.

Weight Watchers App: How Technology Makes Losing Weight Easy

If you’ve tried losing weight and getting in better shape, then you probably know how difficult things can get. In these situations, most people turn to technology to try and find a solution that will aid their weight loss journey.

One great option would be to use your smartphone to help you get and stay in shape. The trick with phones is that they are always available – either in your hand or on the table right next to you.

With the right app, therefore, you should be able to improve your chances of losing weight, keeping track of your progress, managing your diet, and more. This is where the Weight Watchers app comes in.

More particularly, this handy mobile application is designed to provide you with the useful resources you need to hold yourself accountable. Therefore, once you get it, you will have a handy technology-based dietician and personal trainer but without the extra bills that come with hiring such expert help.

In fact, the Weight Watchers app will deliver the calorie counters, workouts, and other weight loss programs to you. All of these tools will come in handy when you need to track your progress and understand how you are doing based on your fitness and health data.

Read on to learn more about it:


At its most basic, the Weight Watchers app is an innovative smartphone-based program designed to help you lose weight and keep it off. The company that developed it has been aiding clients in their quest to stay in shape for more than 50 years now, which speaks volumes about its experience.

Once you download the app and subscribe to the different programs, you will get everything you need to help you track your activity, weight, and food intake. The app also comes with an easy-to-use interface that most people can understand.


So, what does the Weight Watchers app do? What do you stand to gain once you get it? Consider the following:

  1. Track Points

For starters, this app comes with its own tailored diet. You can track your points to ensure that you continue eating the right diet. Essentially, the app will assign points to every meal or food and give you a daily points quota. The goal is to ensure that you do not exceed this quote.

However, to ensure that you benefit from the Weight Watchers app, you need to subscribe to Weight Watchers Online for a monthly fee of $17.95 and a startup fee of $29.95. Although this might seem like a lot, it’s a steal considering how expensive it can be to hire your own personal trainer and dietician.

  1. Handy Features

After subscribing to the Weight Watchers program, you will access all the different features that the app provides. These include:

  • Databases

First, you will be able to get advice on eating right from a database of 30,000+ foods. This way, you can easily track and calculate your dietary points on a daily basis.

  • Customization

You can also add your own meals and recipes and get the app to calculate the points value for each.

  • Weight Log

The app also comes with a weight loss and an interactive chart that shows how your weight is changing through time.

  1. Weight Watchers Coupons

The app notifies you of all Weight Watchers deals and promotions so that you save up to 30% if you decide to join the granddaddy of all weight loss programs. Weight Watchers coupons are also posted on Lodlois.



  • The Weight Watchers app comes with featured recipes
  • The interface is easy to use and highly interactive
  • You should gain enough motivation to stay healthy from the success stories featured on the app


  • Some the features require subscription, which might prove expensive for some


As long as you have a smartphone or an iPhone/iPod Touch, then you should be able to download and start using the Weight Watchers app. Overall, we’d give it a rating of 4.5 out of 5 stars.

This article is a courtesy of, a site that reviews meal delivery weight loss programs.

Numi App by Nutrisystem: A Digital Support for Weight Loss

Are you looking to lose weight this year? Thanks to fast advancing technology you can now lose weight from the comfort of your smartphone. Mobile users are starting to embrace the benefits of apps which help them lose weight. One app that helps users track their weight is Numi app by Nutrisystem. 

Nutrisystem is a cheap weight loss meal delivery program that delivers food to your house helping you lose weight without cooking or counting calories. The company has over four decades experience and has helped millions of people lose weight through their products and services.

They have a portion controlled meal plan which is nutritious and delicious. What’s remarkable about it is that instead of taking three meals a day, with this program you can take four to six meals in portions helping you fight hunger and lose weight. All you have to do is pick your plan, choose your food menu and place an order.

Following the extraordinary success of their weight loss program, Nutrisystem program came up with an app called Numi which help people lose weight at home.

Technology and the Prevalence of Obesity

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one-third of people in the United States are obese. People suffering from obesity are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

There is an estimated death of 30000 people annually caused by obesity, and millions of others are at risk of contracting cardiovascular disease.

However, obesity remains a preventable disease. With a simple exercise and eating the right food, you can be on your way to a healthy lifestyle.

Thankfully, technological advances have revolutionize our approach to living a healthier life. Dieting has become much easier with applications that not only motivate us but help us stay on track with our weight loss goals.

Discipline for weight loss

Most people trying to lose weight on their own are finding it hard to stick to a weight loss program. You might not have a clear program which helps you stay on track on what you are eating or how long you have exercised every day.

Essential features of the app

With a weight loss app like Numi, you are able to check what you are eating and how many calories you burn while working out. A calorie tracker helps you log your meals, weight, water intake and more. In addition, it has a feature called “daily progress tracker” which helps you see how you are progressing.

Numi is the perfect partner to your Nutrisystem plan. The app features a menu which helps users browse a gallery of nutritious foods from the Nutrisystem program. You can also place an order directly from the app and have food come to your home.

You have access to nutritional information for all kinds of fruits, vegetables and meals. If you are wondering where you can buy healthy nutritious food other than from Nutrisystem diet plan, this app comes with a real-time update feature which gives you meal recommendations from over 12,000 recipes.

Through GPS you can access over 300 restaurants which sell nutritious foods. With its barcode scanner, the app helps you scan bar codes of food you buy to ensure they are nutritious for your weight loss program.

Losing weight requires you to be motivated so that you can exercise every day and eat the right food. Numi app took this into consideration and helps users track their weight and stay motivated through a personal journal. Through the Numi app you can also get Nutrisystem coupons and save up to $220.

When you download the app, you can be able to log their meals, keep track of calories, set personalized diet plans and much more. If you are looking to achieve your health goals this year using a weight loss app like Numi can make you lose weight easily.

Best Features of m-Learning App For Online Preparatory, Examination & Assessment

Apps providing online study materials are getting plenty of traction these days. These online preparatory, examination and assessment solutions as m-commerce apps are proving to be an excellent way to fill the gap between the time that needs in reaching the right information and then learning it. Apart from mobile apps, m-learning solutions can also be designed and developed as the e-learning websites, for desktop and laptops PCs.

These m-learning online course-serving apps can be developed for a number of businesses or organizations; from schools and colleges to companies to training institutes and so on. Even the competitive and job-oriented exams related courses can be provided with m-learning mobile apps and e-learning websites. Also, they can be added with smart analytics to let you learn about the behavior of learners and then make enhancements.

Providing flexible learning

  • These apps provide flexible learning. They can be prepared to provide adaptive learning which goes easy with learning capabilities of students. Flexibility lets learners learn at their convenience.
  • Apps can be added with features to create customized self-study plans as per the requirements of learners.
  • These apps can be scheduled for the tests as per the availability of learner.
  • Students may have facility to buy the specific course-modules instead of buying the whole subject material.
  • Also learners can bookmark the important subjects or points anytime they want in the middle of a course and later, learn about them separately.

Well organized and systematized presentation of content

  • Content is provided in a structured way so that it remains as per requirements of exam, subjects and modules.
  • Course providers like school, college, or any training centers, can easily add any number of courses, subjects and exams and training contents. They can make changes and update the courses with new modules.
  • The app can be made in a way so that the existing content can be digitized in the desired digital formats. If there is the content which has not yet been digitized, the app will support from simplest to complex formats for the rapid digitization of such content.
  • It can provide content in creative ways using multimedia integrations such as audio, video, animation, pdf, etc. Providing content interactively creates engagement and helps learners easily gain knowledge of respective topics / subjects.
  • Every question and the connecting answer are provided with the best possible details so that nothing important is left behind.

Fully ready to be applied for online examinations

  • An m-learning app can be created with the feature of online examination which can fulfill the needs of any institute, any exam or any subject.
  • The Tests can be generated on the fly and so be delivered right to the e-mail inbox or mobile on routine basis.
  • The app can deliver immediate results of examinations.
  • They can be featured with scheduling and rescheduling of tests at per convenience or as per requirements.
  • The app can have reminders about periodic auto test and, these reminders can be sent via sms or on email.

High-End Detailed Graphical Assessment

  • It may provide intelligent analytics through interactive and easily understandable graphics which can help administrators to spot weakly presented subjects, topics or content and then improve them.
  • The app admin can analyze the behavior of learners in the app by both – subject-wise and chapter-wise.
  • Comparing performance with respect to other users
  • Checking improvements in performance over the time.
  • The app suggests the areas where learners need to focus the most.

Community platform for sharing knowledge and question-answering

  • The app may have the feature of posting questions, get answers and important information from the other participants on the same forum.
  • The features like taking exam with friends and peer-to-peer comparison can be made available.
  • The online discussion and chatting for parent-teacher and employer-employee can also be added.
  • It can have the feature of providing daily notifications to the mobile phones of parents.

Functions and features supporting school, college, institute or organization

  • This type of m-learning apps can also have time-table, and syllabus-plan interface and a lot more.
  • It can have the features for managing newsletters, events, albums, virtual counseling dynamically and online.
  • Also such app, when extended, can manage attendance of students, teachers and other employees, trainers, various subscriptions to the course, result and course related certificate.
Sofia Coppol is a digital marketing expert in Rapidsoft Technologies, a prominent software product development company offering java web development , mobile app development and product development services across the global. She loves to write on latest web and mobile technology trends, startups and enterprises.

Developing A Mobile App With Frameworks

One of the first things you need to decide when you want to develop an App, is which phones and/or operating systems that your app must be compliant with – ie what types of phones and tablets that your app needs to function with. Once that is out of the way, you need to decide is what type of app you want to develop, which functions it should encompass, and how all of these functions should look and feel.

These days, there’s pretty much 3 great choices, depending on your background, proficiency and skills, and ultimately, the desired functionality of the app itself.

  • HTML5 app: Technically, an app built purely on HTML5 is not an app at all, instead it’s just a website that is customized to display via the webview on the phone, and resized to the particular size of the various devices.
  • Hybrid app: This form of app is built with HTML5, but when the code gets compiled, the framework will compile one version for Android, and another one for iPhone, automatically. While this is not a true native app, it has become the most common, and easiest to use these past years.
  • Native app: This form of app indicates that all the code used to program it, is the original code for that particular device (ie. iOS code for iPhones). But that also means that if you want a Native App for both Android and iPhones, you need to program the same app twice, in 2 different languages. These types of apps also harvest some of the best conversion rates in the business.

In this blog post you can read about the pros and cons of the different types of frameworks, and you can become a little wiser on the difference between them, and hopefully you may better decide which type to choose for your app.

If you already know about the different types of apps, perhaps you’d be more interested in reading this article outlining some of the latest app development trends for 2016 and beyond.

Market shares: iOS vs. Android
Basically, it is our recommendation that you should always develop your app for both Android and IOS.
In this way, your app could be used on more than 95% of all phones on the market. According to the market share between Android and iOS covers 60% and 35% respectively on average in the world.

It is this authors personal opinion that in almost all cases, it would be cost-ineffective to produce apps specifically for Windows Phone users and other even less used operating systems.

If you are developing your own app, I’d suggest that you start with developing for Android, since both in Europe and the US, android has more than 60% of the total market share, and if you consider the cost of getting your app into the stores, Android is much cheaper than Apple. Another important factor to take into consideration, is the level of scrutiny your app will undergo before being finally approved for distribution on the 2 major app stores. Once more Android is the better choice for solo developers, since they have less strict requirements compared to Apple.

That having been said, of course it is possible to develop for iPhone first, or only, depending on your wishes. The process on average take a little longer than at Android, because you need more lines of code, along with the need to pass stricter requiremens, and the waiting time has been reported to be twice as long at Apple’s store.

Another thing to keep in mind is adding proper UI and UX elements. By not reinventing the wheel every time you build an app, and instead choose frameworks or toolkits, you can keep users consistently aware of all elements, and chances are they will feel more at home.